These conditions differ in symptoms, background, and severity. It is imperative that you understand the difference between these three conditions, so as to know how to help a patient as well as to avert any of the conditions from becoming more serious.

Here’s a detailed explanation of each of the conditions:

1.Heart Attack

This refers to a circulation disorder. If your blood flow is blocked or deprived of oxygen, the blood doesn’t reach the heart muscle, and it can kill the organ if not treated promptly.  It is worth noting that the heart is still functioning when one suffers a heart attack.

2. Cardiac Arrest

When electrical activity in the heart is disrupted, tachycardia takes place and the flow stops moving through the body immediately. When this occurs, the heart stops working altogether.

3. Stroke

Also referred to as brain disorder, stroke is divided into three types:

  • Ischemic stroke occurs when the artery supplying oxygen and blood to the brain is blocked.
  • Transient ischemic attack (TIA) happens when there’s a short artery blood flow to the brain.
  • Hemorrhagic stroke represents a raptured artery in the brain.

Heart Attack Symptoms:

Heart attack can be manifested by the following symptoms:

  • Chest pain (angina) – Often mistaken for indigestion, this burden inside the chest repeats every few minutes.
  • Body pain- particularly in the back, neck, jaw, abdomen, and arms.
  • Shallow breathing and wheezing.
  • Coughing
  • Cold sweating
  • Nausea
  • Anxiety
  • Dizziness and fatigue episodes

These symptoms can be treated by medications and healthy diet.

Cardiac Arrest Symptoms:

Minutes before cardiac arrest, you may experience these symptoms:

  • Weakness
  • Fainting
  • Blackout
  • Chest pain
  • Shallow breaths
  • Excessive palpitation

In certain cases, you may also identify these symptoms:

  • Shortage of breath
  • Sudden collapse
  • Little or no responsiveness
  • Weak or no pulse

Cardiac arrests are deadly given that their symptoms occur rapidly and are largely lethal.

Stroke Symptoms:

  • Blurred speech
  • Nausea
  • Headaches and vomiting
  • Face, leg, or arm numbness or paralysis (particularly on one side)
  • Excessive sweating
  • Mental disorientation, distraction, forgetfulness of names and places,  and loss of concentration
  • Walking issues and dizziness
  • Impaired vision and double vision
  • Transient ischemic attack (TIA)



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