When a clot occurs in one of the major veins deep inside the body, it is known as deep vein thrombosis. It is most common in the legs, but it can also occur in the arms, pelvis, lungs and even the brain. A blood clot that is immobile often isn’t harmful, but if it happens to break free, it can travel through the veins to the heart and lungs where it may get stuck and prevent blood flow. A blood clot that travels to the lungs is known as a pulmonary embolism, which is a severe medical emergency.You need to see a health care professional if you believe you may have a blood clot.
Most common symptoms and risk factors:
- Age – especially being older than 65
- Lengthy travel – trips that caused you to sit for more than four hours at a time
- Bed rest or being sedentary for long periods of time
- Family history of blood clots
- Certain birth control pills
Blood clot usually occur in the lower leg.The symptoms depend on the size of the clot. A large clot can cause extreme swelling and intensive pain in the leg. Symptoms of a blood clot in the leg:
- A warm sensation
- Pain in the calf when you stretch your toes upward
- A pale or bluish discoloration
Blood clot usually do not occur in the heart, but it can still happen.It could cause your chest to hurt or feel heavy, and be accompanied by feeling light-headed and experiencing shortness of breath.
Signs of a blood clot in the abdomen are: severe abdominal pain accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea. These could also be symptoms of a stomach virus or food poisoning, you should check in with a health care professional.
Signs of a blood clot that has formed in the brain are: sudden and severe headache and sudden difficulty seeing or speaking.
Signs of a blood clot that has traveled to the lungs are:
- Sudden shortness of breath that can’t be explained
- Chest pain
- Heart palpitations or rapid heart rate
- Breathing problems
- Coughing up blood