BEFORE INSULIN WAS DISCOVERED THIS DIET WAS CONSIDERED THE BEST WAY TO TREAT DIABETES
June 21, 20162016-06-21T16:53:35+00:002016-02-11T16:53:35+00:00
Although diabetes is a complicated disease, maintaining good blood sugar control can greatly reduce the risk of complications ().
One of the ways to achieve better blood sugar levels is to follow a effectively.
Normally, when you eat carbs, they are broken down into small units of of diabetes, but the two most common ones are diabetes. Both of these conditions can be diagnosed at any age.
In type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune process destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. Diabetics must inject insulin several times a day to ensure that glucose gets into the cells and stays at a healthy level in the bloodstream ( to its action, so blood sugar remains high. To compensate, the pancreas produces more insulin, attempting to bring blood sugar down.
Over time, the beta cells lose their ability to produce enough insulin (, carbs and fat – carbs have the greatest impact on blood sugar control. This is because the body breaks them down into glucose.
Therefore, diabetics may need to take large dosages of insulin and/or diabetes medication when they eat a lot of carbohydrates.
Bottom Line: Diabetics are deficient in insulin, or resistant to its effects. When they eat carbs, their blood sugar can rise to potentially dangerous levels unless medication is taken.
Can Low-Carb Diets Help Manage Diabetes?
Many studies support low-carb diets for the treatment of diabetes (, , ).
In fact, prior to the discovery of insulin in 1921, very-low-carb diets were considered standard treatment for people with diabetes ().
Similarly, when people with type 1 diabetes followed a carb-restricted diet, those who followed the diet saw a significant improvement in blood sugar levels over a 4-year period (, ).
Other research shows that more moderate carb restriction, such as 70-90 grams of total carbs, or 20% of calories from carbs, is also effective ().
The optimal amount of carbs may also vary by individual, since everyone has a unique response to carbs. To figure out your ideal amount, you may want to measure your blood glucose with a meter before a meal and again 1 to 2 hours after eating.
As long as your blood sugar remains below 140 mg/dL (8 mmol/L), the point at which, . Only the starch and sugar components raise blood sugar.
Fiber that is found naturally in foods, whether soluble or insoluble, does not break down into glucose in the body and ).
, , can actually raise blood sugar levels in people with diabetes (
For this reason, the net carb count listed on a product’s label may not be accurate if all of the carbs contributed by maltitol are subtracted from the total.
This to your body’s hunger and fullness cues, regardless of what you are eating.
Foods to Eat
You can eat the following .
[*], : 1 cup or less.
[*]Cottage cheese: 1/2 cup or less.
[*]Nuts and or (at least 85% cocoa): 30 grams or less.
[*]Winter squash (butternut, acorn, pumpkin, spaghetti and hubbard): 1 cup or less.
[*]Liquor: 1.5 oz or 50 grams.
Try to eat broth, olives or some other salty low-carb foods to make up for the lost sodium. Don’t be afraid to add some in your diet.
Foods to Avoid
[*]Bread, pasta, and other , , such as peas, lentils and beans (except green beans and snow peas).
These foods are high in carbohydrates and can significantly raise blood sugar levels in diabetics:
[*] other than berries.
[*], punch, sweetened tea, etc.
[*]Desserts, baked goods, candy, ice cream, etc.
Bottom Line: Stick to low-carb foods like meat, fish, eggs, seafood, non-starchy vegetables and healthy fats. Avoid foods that are high in carbs.
A Sample Day of Low-Carb Meals for Diabetics
Here is a sample menu with 15 grams or less of digestible carbs per meal. If your personal carb tolerance is higher or lower, you can adjust the serving sizes.
Breakfast: Eggs and Spinach
[*]3 eggs cooked in butter (1.5 grams of carbs).
[*]1 cup sautéed with cream and optional sugar-free sweetener.
Total digestible carbs: 10.5 grams.
Lunch: Cobb Salad
[*]3 oz (90 g) cooked chicken.
[*]1 oz (30 g) Roquefort cheese (1/2 gram of carbs).
[*]1 slice (5 grams of carbs).
[*]1 cup shredded lettuce (1 gram of carbs).
[*]Olive oil and with optional sugar-free sweetener.
Total digestible carbs: 12.5 grams.
Dinner: Salmon with Veggies
[*]4 oz grilled with whipped cream.
[*]1 oz chopped , and a list of ).
In another study, type 1 diabetics consumed less than 90 grams of carbs each day. Their blood glucose control improved, and there were fewer incidences of low blood sugar because insulin dosages were significantly reduced (.
Therefore, it’s important that people who take insulin or diabetes medication speak with their doctor
before starting a low-carb diet.
Bottom Line: Most people will need to reduce their dosage of diabetes medication or insulin when following a low-carb diet. Failure to do so may result in dangerously low blood sugar levels.
Other Ways to Lower Blood Sugar Levels
In addition to following a low-carb diet, physical activity can also help control diabetes by improving insulin sensitivity.
A combination of resistance training and aerobic exercise is especially beneficial ( is also crucial. Research has consistently shown that people who sleep poorly have an increased risk of developing diabetes ().
Another key to good blood sugar control is stress management. Yoga, Qigong and meditation have been shown to lower blood sugar and insulin levels (