White strips, marks or spots on fingernails mostly result depigmentation, which occurs when small injuries and damage in some of the layers under the nail plate and then in the area create air pockets.They can be genetic, but in some situations may indicate health problems.White spots on the nails can signal the warts and fungus, psoriasis or eczema.White spots on the nails may be one of the seven signs of sarcoidosis, a disease that affects the skin, lungs and other organs.When the nails are soft and have white spots, these are signs of hyperthyroidism and can indicate a heart attack, malaria, and even leprosy.If you see two white horizontal narrow stripes on one or more nails, it is a sign of hypoalbuminemia(low levels of protein in the blood).This disorder may cause several acute and chronic medical conditions such as, inter alia, diseases of the kidney, liver cirrhosis, heart failure, and improper diet.But,in most cases, this line is guilty for an infection or injury.
Nail Symptoms and What They Mean for Your Health
Yellow nails– they may be linked to thyroid disease, diabetes, psoriasis, or respiratory disease.
Dry,cracked or brittle nails– Cracking and splitting can be caused by a fungal infection or thyroid disease,specifically hypothyroidism.Brittle nails may also be due to a deficiency in vitamins A and C or the B vitamin biotin.
Clubbing can be sign of low oxygen in your blood and is associated with lung disease.Clubbing is related to liver or kidney disease, heart disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and AIDS.
Small white spots on your nails are most often the result fungal infection.
Horizontal ridges, may be due to psoriasis, uncontrolled diabetes, circulatory disease, or severe zinc deficiency. arsenic poisoning, Hodgkin’s disease, malaria, leprosy, or carbon monoxide poisoning.
Vertical ridges may be de to nutrient deficiencies, including vitamin B12 and magnesium.
Spoon nails– Nails that curve upward at the edges, taking on a spoon-like appearance, may be a signal of iron-deficiency anemia, hemochromatosis (excess iron absorption), heart disease, or hypothyroidism.
Nail pitting may be due to connective tissue disorders (including Reiter’s syndrome) or alopecia areata, an autoimmune disease that causes hair loss.
White nails with a strip of pink– could be a sign of liver disease, congestive heart failure, kidney failure, or diabetes.